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Important Question Answer

Anees Jung

Q.1. What are the dreams of the poor like Saheb – e – Alam and Mukesh? Could these be realized what is the reality of their situation?

Ans. The poor rag pickers like Saheb spent nearby all the years of their lives looking for gold in the garbage dumps. The parents of these street children have no fixed income, for they are pacing a war against poverty and hunger. They have no dream except finding the means of survival. Garbage to them is gold, for it is their source of daily bread and provides a roof over their heads. Saheb ends up as a Servant at a tea stall and looses his freedom.

Mukesh, the son of a bangle maker of Firozabad has a dream of becoming a motor mechanic. He also wants to learn to drive a car and so thinks of joining a garage which is far away, yet he has decided to walk. He realizes the reality and is willing to overcome all obstacles. His daring to rise and to get free from the trap laid by vicious money lenders and middlemen arouses a sense of hope.

Deprived of education, food and upbringing these children are forced into labour early in life, their dreams getting realized in the wake of their miserable conditions, seems to be a far cry.

Q.2. Firozabad presets a strange paradox? Contrast the beauty of glass of Firozabad and misery of people who make them?

Ans. Firozabad , the India's glass blowing industry is famous for its bangles. Spirals of bangles of various colors can be seen lying in mounts in yards or piled on four wheel push carts. These bangles have shimmering bright colors - Sunny gold, green, royal blue, pink and purple. In fact every color born out of the seven ours of rainbow. The bangle makers lead a miserable life. They knew no other work than bangle making. They have neither the courage nor money to start any her trade or job. They have spent generations in the clutches of middlemen and money lenders. Extreme poverty forces them to remain hungry and yet work all day. The elderly women has not enjoyed even one full meal in her entire lifetime. Her husband has made a house for the family to live in, which many have failed to achieve in their lifetime. Mukesh’s father has failed to renovate his house or send his two sons to school. The Young boys are as tired as their fathers and their work at the hot furnaces makes them blind prematurely. It is a god given lineage which can never be broken. They are caught in a vicions circle of poverty that moves from poverty to apathy and from greed to injustice.

Q.3. Justify the title The Lost Spring'?

Ans. Anees Jung in the chapter has delineated life and aspiration of two street children. Saheb and Mukesh are representing the lot of hundred children forced into labour early in life due to grinding poverty. Their dreams are nipped in the bud and the apathy of system does not even register their existence. Saheb, one of the pivots spends time scrounging for gold in the garbage dumps. His life is miserable and equally despondent but he began earn him a living by working at a tea stall. He loses his zest for life no longer he is into this tea stall. His hopes and aspirations remained unfulfilled.

Mukesh, the other victim of governmental apathy is no exception like Saheb. ThisFirozabad inhabitant wants to be a motor mechanic despite knowing the fact that he was meant for the bangle making factory. Poverty and illiteracy makes him a victim of exploitation. His peers have slogged throughout their lives in this bangle industry to feed themselves and their families. Years of mind-numbing toil has killed all the initiative and abilities to dream getting realized last is the reality of daily struggle for survival. He doesn't posses the courage to break the god give lineage set in for him. He is content to dream of cars traveling down the streets of Firozabad.

The Author here documents incredible profiles in courage. She expresses the national shame of child labour. Spring - the season of bliss is certainly not present in their lives and their lives are miles away from living happy. Therefore the title lost spring is apt and there could not have been any title other than this.


Q.1. “But promises like mine abound in every corner of this bleak world". What promise the author recall? In what context has it been made? Was it fulfilled?

Ans. When the author asked Saheb about going to school and he explained that there was no school in his neighbuorhood he promised to go to school if they built one. Half joking the author asked whether he would come in case, she started one. Saheb smiled broadly and agreed to come. When he met her the next time, he enquired if the school was ready. The author felt embarrassed for she had made a promise that was not meant to be kept.

Q.2. Explain “for children garbage has a meaning different from what it meant to their parents.”

Ans. Small children scrounge the heaps of garbage hoping to get some coin, note or a valuable thing in it Sometimes they find a rupee or even a ten rupee note. This gives them the hope of finding more and for children garbage is wrapped in wonders but for the elders it is moreover a means of survival. Thus garbage has two different meanings.

Q.3. Who is Mukesh? What is the dream? Why does it look like Mirage ad mist the dust?

Ans. Mukesh is the son of a poor bangle maker of Firozabad where every other family is engaged in making bangles. His poor father has failed to renovate his house or send his two ons to the school. Mukesh insists on being his own master and hopes to become a driver. Given the conditions of existence, his dreams looks like a mirage ad mist the dust.
He cannot even dare to resist, since daring is not a part of his growing up.

Q.4. Which two distinct worlds does the author noticed among the people of bangle making industry?

Ans. The families of bangle makers belong to one of their worlds. These workers are caught in the web of poverty, burdened by the stigma of the cast in which they are born. They know no other work. The other world comprises of a vicious circle of moneylenders, the middlemen, the policemen, the keepers of the law, the bureaucrats and politicians.

Q.5. What is the theme of the chapter' The Lost Spring’?

Ans. The theme of the story is the grinding poverty and the traditions which condemn poor children to live a life of exploitation. The two stories together depicts the plight of street children forced into labour early in life and deprived of desired the opportunity of schooling. The callousness of society and the political class and the suffering of poor adds insult to injury and throws light on their Jinxed lives.

Q.6. What is ironical about Saheb's full name?

Ans. Saheb's full name is 'Saheb – e – Alam' which means the lord of the universe. His name stands obvious to a life of class refinement and luxuries. Though he barely lives from hand to mouth. The name is ironically in close contrast to a life of destitution, despondence and lament.

Q.7. Do you think Saheb is happy working at the tea stall? Give reasons.

Ans. Saheb's eyes live in his bleak world with a few hopes but he had to give up his dreams while working at a tea stall where he is no more his own master. The canister he carries is heavier than the bag he used to hold earlier. Being her, he has lost his innocence, carefree look and freedom. Thus he seemingly doesn't look so contentive working at the tea stall. He has lost his zest for living.

Q.8. What forces conspire the Firozabad dwellers to live within the tentacles of poverty?

Ans. The inhabitants of Firozabad have been crushed by poverty and they are equally despondent in forming a cooperative for likely to be hauled up by police and beaten and sent to jail for doing something illegal. Many have even fallen into vicious traps of middle men who along with the policemen and beaurocrats exploit them and most importantly there is no leader with a vision amongst them.

Q.9. What are the hazards of working in a bangle making Industry?

Ans. The bangle sellers live in pathetic conditions in stinking lanes choked with Garbage. They are made to workglass furnaces with high temperatures, in dingy cells. Without ample, air and light through the day light hours and the result been that they end-up losing their eyesight before becoming adults. What is indeed ironic is that these workers are totally unaware of the danger of their work.

1. Vicious = Cruel
2. Abject = Serious
3. Jinxed = Ill-fated and unfortunate
4. Delineated = Described in detail
5. Nipped in the bud = Crushed in the beginning
6. Apathy = Unwillingness
7. Despondent = Hopeless
8. Resilience = Ability to fight
9. Slogged = Worked hard
10. Bliss = Happiness
11. Lament = Grief
12. Bleak = Dark and hollow
13. Pathetic = Miserable

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